Rebecca R. Benefiel andHolly M. Sypniewsk, The Greek Graffiti of Herculaneum. American Journal of Archaeology Vol. 122, No. 2 (April 2018), pp. 209–244
This article offers an overview of ancient Greek handwritten wall
inscriptions, or graffiti, in the city of Herculaneum and the first
contextual analysis of these inscriptions. First, we address how much
Greek is found, where it appears, and what was being written in Greek.
We then offer a discussion of Greek alphabets and personal names
inscribed in Greek, which together account for half of the graffiti in
Greek at Herculaneum. Finally, we examine Greek graffiti in context and
discuss two locations in Herculaneum where the graffiti have survived
and are still visible in situ. By presenting where Greek graffiti
appear, what they contain, and how they communicate and interact with
other texts, we aim to provide a more comprehensive picture of the
distribution and context of Greek in Herculaneum and to offer new
insights into the culture of writing in Campania.
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